Mexico 2013 Flora de Puebla y Veracruz

Voucher:LCO 2657

Orobanchaceae
Castilleja falcata Eastw.

Location:Veracruz, Mpio Calcahualco, Barranco de San Miguel, Tlacotiopa.
Coordinates: 19°06'29" N, 97°12'07" W Alt: 2646m

Erect herb 30 cm tall. Stems and lower leaves purple-brown. Floral bracts and calyx bright orange-pink towards apex. Corolla partly enclosed inside calyx. Corolla tube white, upper lip green above, pink laterally, lower lip green. Stigma green. Pollen yellow.
Stream gorge with Pinus and Quercus forest. NE facing side of the gorge. Humid area near stream. Growing in moss on top of rock outcrop with Vesalea floribunda and Poaceae.

Identification Notes: Verified with A. Eastwood 1909 'Synopsis of the Mexican and Central American Species of Castilleja' Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Vol. XLIV. No. 21 and Guy L Nesom 1992 'Castilleja section Euchroma in Mexico' Phytologia 73(5):384-388. Section Euchroma. Leaves sessile, lanceolate and cordate at base, slighted dissected in the upper part with linear lobes. Flowers in a dense terminal spike. Calyx to 22mm long, deeply emmarginate with obtuse lobes, green with red tip. Corolla only slightly longer than calyx, lower lobe reduced with three green lobes and two scale-like structure. Galea bearded. Stigmas exsterted globular. Anthers 2-3mm long. Possibly synonym of C. scorzonerifolia.

Caamaño Onofre, L. #2657      4 June 2013

morphological details

bracts bracts bracts bracts corolla apex corolla apex

corolla base corolla base

galea galea

corolla section corolla section

anthers, style anthers, style anthers anthers ovary ovary
ovary ovary ovary section ovary section stem stem
adaxial leaf surface abaxial leaf surface abaxial leaf surface abaxial leaf surface abaxial leaf surface abaxial leaf surface

additional pictures

inflorescence

flowers
field picture
habitat
Herbarium voucher
Herbarium voucher

Other field pictures

flowering plant
flowers
flowers